Between work, trying to finish my AppEngine book, and doing all of the technical work getting Scientopia running smoothly on the new hosting service, I haven't had a lot of time for writing new blog posts.
But in the process of doing my technical work around here, I was browsing through some archives, and seeing some of my old posts that I'd forgotten about. And odds are, if I forgot about it, then there are a lot of readers who've never seen it. So I'm going to bring back some of the classic old material.
For example, Neal Adams. Comic book fans will know about Neal: he's a comic book artist who worked on some of the most famous comics in the 1970s: he drew Batman, Superman, Deadman, Green Lantern, the Spectre, the X-men. More recently, he's done a lot of work in general commercial art - for example, he did the animated nasonex bee commercials a few years ago.
But he's not just an artist. No, he's so much more than that! He's also a brilliant scientist. He's much smarter than all of those eggheads with college degrees. They're struggling to build giant particle accelerators to help understand things like mass. But Neal - he's got them beat. He's figured out exactly how things work!
According to Neal, there is no such thing as gravity - it's all just pressure. People trying to figure out stuff about how gravity works are just wasting time. The earth (and all other planets) is actually a matter factory - matter is constantly created in the hollow center of the earth, and the pressure of all the new matter forces the earth to constantly expand. The constant expansion creates pressure on the surface as things expand - and that constant expansion is what creates gravity! You're standing on a point on the surface of the earth. And the earth is expanding - the ground is pushing up on you because of that expansion. You're not being pulled down towards the earth: the earth is pushing up on you.
And according to Neal, the best part is the math works!. In the original version of this post, I had a link to Neal's page with his explanation of how the math works - but he has, since then, moved most of his science stuff behind a paywall - you now need to pay Neal $20 to get to see his material, so I can't provide a direct link. But it's in a video <a href="http://www.continuitystudios.net/prime.html"here, and you can see the original using the Wayback Machine.
According to Mr. Adams, there's really only one kind of particle in the universe, which he calls the "prime matter particle". The prime matter particle is actually made out of two particles, a positron and an electron. But it's all really prime matter particles, because the other two are just *half* particles. So when he says there's only one particle, he means that there are really two particles, which always come in pairs. Now, all of the universe is completely covered in prime matter particles, jammed up against each other, except when they're broken into electron/positron pairs.
Further, there are only two forces in the universe. One is the attraction of the electron and the positron, trying to get themselves back together into a prime matter particle. And the other is centrifugal force, because, you see, the universe is spinning, and the spinning tries to push everything apart. In his own words:
This new model says, there is only one Particle, the Prime Matter particle.
- The Prime Matter (the "Ocean" that is our universe.) Which is 1 whole particle (the other two are thrust from this.)
- The Electron. 1/2 particle
- The Positron. 1/2 particle
These single particles fill the universe from edge to edge. An ocean of Prime Matter particles.
Ah, beautiful, isn't it? But why do we ever see the half-particles? If the fundamental force of the universe is electromagnetism holding the two halves of the prime matter particle together, why do we see things with positive or negative charges? He's got an answer:
If one of these Matter particles is struck by a photon of energy, it is thrust in half, into two half pieces. These two half particles are the only two basic matter particles of the universe.
D'oh! Of course! A PMP gets hit by a photon, and splits into its positron/electron halves! But... where'd the photon come from? Good question. It's a shame he never bothers to answer that - or even to realize that it's an important question.
But there's a much more important problem. Even if we ignore the fact that his theory doesn't explain the existence of photons; if we assume that there is some mechanism by which photons can be explained by him: how does a photon get to a PMP in the first place?. Remember: according to his "theory", space is completely filled by PMPs. It's a complete packing of space - there is nothing between PMPs. There's no such thing as "empty space". So, suppose that in this theory, we can come up with some reason for there being things like the sun that produce photons. How do those photons get to earth? If they hit a PMP, the PMP splits into an electron and a positron. And there is no space between the PMPs.
Every particle of every sort is made of these three, or some combination of them, and the only field in the universe is the field between these two half particles, which is merely trying to bring these particles back together again, JUST as the universe is trying to hold the universe apart. (From spin.) These Prime Matter particles are invisible to us because their magnetic field is inward facing. A matter particle's (electro)-magnetic field is by comparison to its field like a fly in a baseball stadium. If that same field is flowing only within, the electron shell (bubble) to the positron at the core this is a very small field indeed. Though as strong as an electron positron pairs combined field. And only when a photon strikes a Prime Matter particle and splits it, does its magnetic field blossom out and become revealed and apparent to us, as matter.
Yeah, the magnetic fields are inward facing! Never mind that magnetic fields aren't directional like that; that's just another one of those stupid egghead mistakes. The inward-facing magnetic fields are why we can't see the all of those PMPs! Of course!
And here's where it gets *really* fun. Because, you see, the math works!
Every electron in the universe is matched perfectly, energy for energy, mass for mass, by the single positron that is inside each proton. Commonly it is thought that the proton does not contain a positron ... for a number of reasons ... yet in positive beta decay a positron is ejected. Most would say the positron is produced, but it is truly in there. One day soon ... a collider will pop out, (if it doesn't find an electron first.)
The positron is the "plus one" of the proton. All other particlesbalance out neutral, unless you 'manage' or 'fudge' the physics. In this theory it has to be there ... it is what built the proton and it provides the 'strong force' that binds it. It had to be in there! All other 919 particles that make up the proton are neutral prime matter "WHOLE" particles. Why such an odd number as 919?? Well the positron is the 920th (half) particle in the proton. When we add the other half-particle, the electron, we get 920 or...1840 electron 1/2 electron weight!
Just as electrons in shells exchange energy, the Prime Matter particles that make up the Proton and Neutron, exchange energy,...and so are mistaken for, what we call Quarks and such. Still, they are Prime Matter particles. At this level stronger than the electrons exchange rate in atom's shells. Prime matter particles, also, exchange or borrow and share CHARGE. Inner particles need greater charge so they borrow from the particles we call quarks. Too simple?
It has to be....simple, doesn't it? And first....the math works.
Funny. When I first heard that one of his claims for the validity of his theory was "the math works", at the very least, I expected something like a demonstration of how, using his theory, you can derive equations showing that the PMP theory's fundamental forces can explain gravitational forces... Or even better, some attempt to explain something that the standard model's theories have a problem with - like reconciling gravity with quantum effects. Or even just explaining quantum effects at all.
But no. In fact, when he says the math works, what he means is: if you take any particle in the standard model, by looking at its mass, he can tell you how many PMPs are in the particle. Yes, the math works because he arbitrarily set the "mass" of a PMP as the greatest common factor of the masses of the basic particles. And that's all that he means by "the math works". Why is a proton made of 919 PMPs plus one positron and one electron? Why is it that only 919 unbroken PMPs plus one broken PMP is a stable charged particle? Why is there only one stable configuration of PMPs that forms a stable neutral particle? There's no math to explain that. There's no math to explain how gravity works. There's no math to explain why/how PMPs form common matter particles.
Hell, even ignoring that, just think about simple things. What does mass mean here? It's the number of PMPs in something, right? But PMPs are everywhere. They're a dense packing, covering every bit of space. So why do some areas of space have mass and inertia? Why is the earth a large body that interacts with photons, gravity, etc., and yet all of the PMPs in space surrounding it don't? Why does a moving body like the earth not get slowed down by pushing all of those PMPs out of the way?
Well, he's got an explanation... sort of.
Let's say...for a minute we can use our small matter Galaxy as a model of this big super-universe, and some of the same rules apply relative to, say, movement. We say there are some areas of movement that our perception would consider random, (but which is probably not random at all), like the movements of galaxies. We actually see galaxies pass through other galaxies out there.
Let's say a portion of the super universe rides by another portion...like, say galaxies....or the gases on the outer surface of Jupiter. On the surface of Jupiter gases ride BY each other in layers. When this happens the layers are traveling at differing speeds, like trains riding by each other at differing speeds. One train going faster than the other causes a series of whirlpools of air between the trains.
On Jupiter we see the same thing. Two streams of gas side by side, one is faster than the other and so BETWEEN THE LAYERS we see rolling balls of gas. (The same thing happens to initiate the eddies that become the suns in a galaxy like ours.
In the super-universe one of those spinning balls of gas is our universe.
See, we're sort of the three dimensional version of the great red spot on Jupiter. The drag of all of those PMPs moving past each other in currents produces eddies, which turn into balls which are planets and stars.
And in a larger version of the same effect, our universe is just a larger eddy. And "the math works". Within the eddies, gravity, according to him, is magnetic effects of broken PMPs: It's a mighty tug of war between and on these 'lines'.
This one small ball of ...universal spin makes 'our' universe.....! That's all.
Though this, our, universe is NOTHING (to our perception). The spin pulls outward at this nothing.
But this....NOTHING doesn't 'want' to be" thinned out",...IT RESISTS!
THE PULLING WINS! But we don't get one big bubble of less emptiness. Planke sees to that. Billion upon billions of tiny bubbles are created, stretched out. Held by tendrils of force, (The same stuff, stretched out. The magnetic "lines" are the stretched stuff in-pulling. the spaces between the lines are the tear-aparts and they are negative.
See, he can invoke names of smart people like Planke, and wave his hands around, shouting "the math works! I'm a genius!"
This asks the question, do the magnetic line around the Sun hold the planets "ON" the lines, or does the space between the lines "PUSH" the planets to the lines? (Or both?)
Each bubble holds a portion of that pulling apart....At the core OF each bubble is the "Attracting" in-pulling point object. We call it a positron.
See, that's what replaces gravity. The earth orbits the sun because there's a magnetic line holding it there. 'course, that "magnetic line" is invisible, and unmeasurable. In fact, all orbits are just things stringing along magnetic lines. Can he explain how, for instance, the shuttle maneuvers in orbit?
Well, apparently, there must be an infinite number of these magnetic lines, because we can alter orbits of spacecraft and satellites in almost infinitessimally minute ways, and they behave pretty much exactly how newtonian gravitation and relativity predict that they should. Does he have any math to support this? No, of course not. He doesn't even understand that it's a problem.
He's got one more tiny bit of math in there, explaining how awful the standard model is, and how much more perfectly brilliant his system is:
Solid reasoning says...if there's a way we can use Positrons, Electrons and prime matter particles, to make all the other particles then we can show and prove there are only two basic particles.
It turns out that all these particles can be constructed from Electrons, Positrons and prime matter particles. Anti particles simply need a positron.
Even if this were only an outside possibility, this is far more valid and logical than the standard model...which REQUIRES NEW particles of unknown origin and fantasy far-out theory.
Two simple examples, the muon and the tau, (and their anti-particles).
The Muon: weighs 207 times the mass of an Electron.
It has 4 layers of prime Matter particles with 5 added to each corner .9 extended by the field.
That's 64 with 40 added (5 per each corner equals 104 (times) 2, (electron/positron ) minus 1, that's 207.
The Tau: Is an electron with 14 layers (in successive cube layers of prime matter particles with corner particles limited by the same field and ending abruptly.
That's 92 from each corner, times 8 corners
That's 726 Prime Matter particles which totals
2018 prime Matter particles. Double that and you get
4036 Electron weight.
Anti-particles, remove the core electrons and replace with positron.
All protons and neutrons have a core positron and 919 Prime Matter particles. The neutron has an added Electron.
That's 1838 wt. for the proton and 1840 for the neutron. More of the same.
His theory must be correct, because the math works. And what the math works means is nothing more than the fact that he can say how many PMPs are in any of the particles. That works, right, so the entire theory must be dead-on!
Talk about bad math... He takes the least greatest common factor of the masses of the primitive particles, declares it the mass of the PMP, and then uses the fact that it's the GCF to show that all of the masses are integer multiples of the PMP mass. It's a trivial circle.
And it doesn't touch on any of the important math of physics. The important things aren't just the masses of the particles: it's how they interact. And he never even attempts to explain any of the dynamics of how things work in terms of math. There's a very good reason for that: he can't.
He's got these densely packed particles everywhere. And yet, we've got motion that doesn't conform to any possible model of how densely packed particles would interact pushing against each other. He wants to claim that solid bodies like the earth are, basically, stable vortices in a giant turbulent system - and yet, nothing about the motion of real particles resembles that kind of turbulent system. There is no math based on this model that can account for observed phenomena. In fact, you can't even make simple chemistry work: you can't explain why hydrogen molecules are highly reactive with oxygen, or why water molecules have that particular geometry. It just doesn't work, at all.
It's classic bad math. He does the easy part in a crazily circular way, and then declares success. For the actual hard part, he pulls out the very worst kind of math: no math at all. He just waves his hands, and says that it must work, because, after all: "the math works".